Дайвер всегда должен знать какая погода в его регионе.
Подводное снаряжение и другая информация которая может пригодится
Многие представительства СМИ часто обращаются к теме дайвинга
и ребризеров, в свете, средств и систем для технического дайвинга.
The tragedy of
Terrible catastrophe ship "Lenin" is still
shudder to remember the beginning of the war survived Odessa. The
last steamer uvozyaschy evacuees from the besieged Odessa, the last
hope of city residents. To get on board the ill-fated voyage in
people gave last. The ship was crowded with people, they can not
be calculated even approximately. How many people died on board
that night, July 27, 1941, no one knows to this day. But one thing
is certain - the number of victims of the "Lenin" many
times surpassed the infamous "Titanic."
connection with the outbreak of hostilities, "Lenin" fulfilled
flight Odessa - Mariupol with evacuated people and cargo of sugar.
captain of the ship "Lenin" Igor Borisenko (died 9/11/41)
was ordered to guide the Black Sea Shipping Company for urgent transportation
of cargo and passengers in Mariupol. According to the head of the
loading, a representative of the naval commandant port st. Lieutenant
Romanov, a pass to the ship was a boarding pass, which marks the
2-3 adults passenger. Nepolnoletnie not counted. Significant (unknown)
number of passengers passed with a note from the city and regional
party committee, the military commandant's office in Odessa.
Unauthorised registered crew members in their own cabins with
friends and family (number unknown). According to unconfirmed reports
(which are based on the interrogation investigation NKVD) on board
were more than 4,000 people. Before entering on board arrived yet
1,200 recruits. According to the investigation: people were filled
with all the shops, the galley, the corridors, the holds and decks.
On board the transport evacuees were loaded assets Odessa State
Bank (not confirmed), and 400 (450) tons of non-ferrous metal ingots.
The flight took place in the special conditions of navigation in
the area exposed defensive minefields. Provide for compulsory pilotage
in connection with the transfer beacons keyed mode for atypical.
At 22.00, the
24.VII.1941 transport "Lenin", in convoy with the steamer
"Voroshilov" ship "Berezina" and two barges,
heading out of Mariupol. While driving due to the lack of fixed
operational duty fleet. Due to the different capacities of ship
power plants, to traverse the Cape Tarhankut convoy broke. To traverse
the Cape Lucullus faulty engine "Voroshilov". In violation
of the route "Lenin" performed towing "Voroshilov"
in Cossack Bay Sevastopol port for repairs.
19.00 transport "Lenin" in convoy (transport "Georgia"
and "Voroshilov") in the protection of gunboat "SKA-026"
("MO-4") rate went from Sevastopol to Yalta (further Caucasus).
The total number of passengers on the "Lenin" and "Voroshilov":
nearly 10,000 people .. Pilotage for military pilot Lieutenant II
Whistler (a graduate of the Leningrad Nautical School. Frunze in
1941, just a month to finish it.) According to SMERSH, the magnetic
compass, and outboard lag elektrolag were reconciled, sonar absent.
Sevastopol has not been given instruction officials convoy was appointed
captain of the guards, not as refined navigation in the area and
the issue of security. The ship was moving in the course can not
clarify on bearing, drifting due to wind and currents for N Cape
Fiolent. Individual life-saving (rescue zone) were collected and
At 23.33 on the
traverse Cape Sarich was an explosion in the holds number 1 and
number 2 on the left side. The steamer began to settle in the nose
arisen roll to starboard. Inclined at an angle of 15-20 with a regular
place blew the pipe. For 7-10 min. Transport in the upright position
(stern up with working with screws) sank. Due to the rapid flooding
of most of the passengers did not have time to leave the ship. Rescue
activities were transports "Georgia" (about 300 people).
"Voroshilov" (200 pers.) And boats. The official death
toll - up to 900 people. Rescued 600 people (only those who had
saved him. Circles, belts or got into the boat.) According to the
Yalta commandant 272 people were saved. The captain and three of
his aides and the pilot left the ship last. From the team saved
half (43 of 92). Rescue group in the torpedo boats Balaklava base
into the loss of the vessel was carried out of the NKVD of the Crimean
Black Sea Fleet and the Special Branch of the USSR. As a result,
the investigation revealed that during the loading counting passengers
arriving on board, were not kept.
Consequence served three hypotheses death transport "Lenin".
1. Navy submarine torpedo Romania "Delfinul" (book "German
U-boat on nintendo sea." Gerd Enders). Version is not confirmed
by archival sources Romania. Version confirmed the testimony of
passengers "Voroshilov", which saw the track torpedoes,
testimony shift radio operator I. Nazareth and operator 1st class
Popova of a heavy blow to the right side before the explosion.
28. VII.1941 at 10.00 in the Sevastopol base SKA BSF Soviet submarine
sank neidentifitsirovanuyu. According to unconfirmed reports in
closed archives dwarves have the materials (paper) command of the
Kriegsmarine submarine torpedo "Lenin." In 1941, in the
Black Sea operated submarines and torpedo naval aviation Romania.
2. Calculation errors while operating the vessel, going beyond
the boundaries of the fairway and a mine explosion on defensive
minefield (testimony navigator Bender).
3. The probable cause of death is undermining transport on a floating mine.
the closure of the meeting of the Military Tribunal of the Black
Sea Fleet of the USSR, based on the evidence of this release, in
accordance with Article 193-17 "b", sentenced by a military
pilot I.I Whistler to death.